By Paul Abelsky and Maria Levitov
June 16 (Bloomberg) — Russia may add the Australian and Canadian dollars to its international reserves for the first time after fluctuations in the U.S. dollar and euro.
“Adding the Australian dollar is being discussed,” Alexei Ulyukayev, the central bank’s first deputy chairman, said in an interview at an event hosted by Bloomberg in Moscow last night. “There are pros and cons. We have added the Canadian dollar but haven’t yet begun operations” with the currency.
U.S. dollars account for 47 percent of Russia’s reserves, while euros make up 41 percent, British pounds 10 percent and Japanese yen 2 percent, Ulyukyaev said in November. The central bank has reduced dollars from 50 percent in 2006, when euros accounted for 40 percent and the remaining 10 percent was in yen and pounds. Russia’s international reserves, the world’s third biggest, reached $458.2 billion on June 4.
President Dmitry Medvedev last year suggested Russia would reduce its use of the U.S. dollar as a reserve currency after the greenback lost 34 percent of its value against the euro in 2 ½ years. The euro fell to a four-year low of $1.1877 on June 7 and has dropped 22 percent since Nov. 25 on investor concern policy makers may fail to contain Europe’s debt crisis.
Push to Diversify
Russia’s push to diversify reserves “is more a result of their desire to do something in response to the extreme volatility of the dollar and the euro,” said Elena Matrosova, a Moscow-based economist at BDO International, the financial consultancy that lists the central bank among its clients. The Canadian or Australian dollar “can’t be truly called international reserve currencies because of their very limited liquidity,” she said.
The Australian dollar traded near the strongest level since mid-May, at 86.43 U.S. cents as of 6:40 a.m. in London.
The Canadian and Australian dollars have been among the best performers in the past 12 months as investors speculated a recovering global economy would increase demand for the countries’ raw materials. The Canadian dollar has gained 10 percent against the U.S. currency and 23 percent versus the euro during that period. The Australian dollar is up 8.6 percent and 21 percent, respectively.
Medvedev has pushed for the creation of regional reserve currencies and in July produced a prototype coin for a “world currency,” which he said was needed to stabilize the global economy.
Central Bank Chairman Sergey Ignatiev said May 27 that Russia hadn’t changed the currency structure of its reserves after year-end figures showed Bank Rossii increased the portion held in dollars.
The U.S. dollar may account for more than half of Russia’s foreign currency reserves by the end of this year, Paris-based BNP Paribas estimated last month.
The ruble has gained almost 11 percent against the euro and 0.2 percent versus the dollar in the past 12 months. The Russian currency strengthened for a fifth day against the greenback, climbing 0.7 percent to 31.1450 for its longest winning streak in two months.
Russia had a net capital inflow of about $3 billion in May after an inflow of between $3 billion and $4 billion in the previous month, said Ulyukayev.
“There was a small capital inflow of about $3 billion in May, according to preliminary calculations,” he said.
The Russian government forecasts no net capital inflow this year after outflows of $52.4 billion in 2009.